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  • n. from Old French chaiere, from Latin cathedra, from Greek kathedra, from kata- down + hedra seat; compare cathedral. A chair is a piece of furniture for one person to sit on. Its composition is identified with a structure that can be articulated in different ways and that foresees a horizontal plane supported by a certain number of legs to which a backrest has been added. It is therefore an individual seat with a backrest. Since antiquity, the chair has gradually taken on a specific and autonomous meaning which does not exclusively subordinate it to its fundamental mission, but in some cases acquires a decorative dimension. The chair has been evolving, transforming itself to become more comfortable, but it has also been connected to the social and artistic evolution. From the Renaissance onwards, more stable and comfortable forms were developed, sometimes upholstered. From the 18th century onwards, their forms multiplied and adapted to different functions: work, play, lounge, dining room, work, etc. France produced what can be considered the first comfortable chair. At the end of the 19th century, the chair presented a new challenge in terms of materials other than wood, iron and plaster burst into manufacture as well as other new materials. Techniques were mixed and forms were experimented with, making some chairs icons of design.

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